Road Safety Drills

Background

Emergency care for the injured at a crash scene is at the core of the post-crash response. Effective care of the injured requires a series of time-sensitive actions, beginning with activation of the emergency care system and continuing with care at the scene, medical evacuation and facility-based emergency care.

SWRW conducts road safety drills in black spot locations to improve the quality of response of public agencies (police, fire brigade and ambulance services) charged with emergency response. The drills are also used to evaluate behavior of members of the public at crash scenes. The drill fulfills requirements stipulated in the Safe Way Right Way Charter under Emergency Response and Road Safety Community action pillars.

The police, county government and the National Transport and Safety Authority are involved to effectively execute the drill.

Execution

The drill exercise is split into three stages which involve detailed planning and site visits with key stakeholders, execution of the drill and communication of the outcomes. The planning stage involves stakeholder mapping, engagement, site visits and procurement of equipment and personnel. Execution involves set up of a crash scene with actual vehicles and crash victims and triggering help. Emergency Response is documented and captured using audio visual equipment. The communication stage involves holding a public meeting near the black spot location to sensitise the public on safety at a crash scene, basic First Aid and relevant road safety messages. Detailed report with recommendations is written and circulated to the key stakeholders (County government in charge of ambulance and fire brigade services, National Police Service and NTSA).

Results

Three road safety drills have been held in Salgaa, Machakos Junction and Mai Mahiu. The Salgaa drill led to the establishment of a rescue centre by Total Kenya for prompt response to road crash victims. The Mai Mahiu drill led to the establishment of rescue centre at the Mai Mahiu truck park by Galana Oil. The rescue centres are manned by St John who train and coordinate members of the local community as first responders to road crashes.

Detailed recommendations have been made to NTSA, National Police Service and the county governments of Nakuru and Machakos on how to improve emergency response.